(Introduction.)
Today: Labor (paid and unpaid).
511. “If she proves to be displeasing to her master … he must let her be redeemed.” (Exodus 21:8) = redeem a female Hebrew slave
512. “…who designated her for himself…” (Exodus 21:8) = designate the female Hebrew slave as a wife
513. “He shall not have the right to sell her to outsiders.” (Exodus 21:8) = female Hebrew slaves may not be sold
514. “You may treat them as slaves.” (Leviticus 25:46) = you can hold onto Canaanite slaves forever (unlike Hebrew slaves who are freed after 7 years), unless you knock out a part of their body
515. “You shall not turn over to his master a slave who seeks refuge with you from his master.” (Deuteronomy 23:16) = don’t return a slave who has fled from outside the land into the land of Israel
516. “He shall live with you in any place he may choose among the settlements in your midst, wherever he pleases; you must not ill-treat him.” (Deuteronomy 23:17)
517. “When a person gives to another an ass, an ox, a sheep, or any other animal to guard…” (Exodus 22:9-12) = the laws of the renter or paid guard
518. “You must pay [a laborer] his/her wages on the same day, before the sun sets.” (Deuteronomy 24:15)
519. “The wages of a laborer shall not remain with you until morning.” (Leviticus 19:13)
520. “When you enter another person’s vineyard, you may eat as many grapes as you want, until you are full.” (Deuteronomy 23:25) = an farm employee can eat from the fields s/he is working in
521. “You must not put a sickle to your neighbor’s grain.” (Deuteronomy 23:26) = but the aforementioned farm employee may not eat from the fields until the work is finished
522. “Do not put [grapes] into your vessel.” (Deuteronomy 23:25) = the employee may not carry off more than s/he eats
523. “You shall not muzzle an ox while it is threshing.” (Deuteronomy 25:4) = or any animal
524. “When a person borrows [an animal] from another and it dies or is injured, its owner not being with it, s/he must make restitution.” (Exodus 22:13)
525. “When a person gives money or goods to another for safekeeping, and they are stolen from the person’s house… if the thief is not caught, the owner of the house shall depose before God that s/he has not laid hands on the other’s property.” (Exodus 22:6-7) = an unpaid guard doesn’t have to pay restitution