(Introduction.)
Today: feeding the priests, and the sabbatical year
271. “You may not partake in your settlements of … the contributions of your hands.” (Deuteronomy 12:17) = when the priest eats the first fruits that you bring to the Temple, he can’t eat them outside of Jerusalem
272. “You shall recite as follows before Adonai your God: ‘My father was a fugitive Aramean’, etc.” (Deuteronomy 26:5-10) = when you bring the first fruits to the Temple
273. “As the first yield of your baking, you shall set aside a loaf as a gift.” (Numbers 15:20) = when you bake bread, separate “challah” for the priests
274. “This shall be the priests’ due from the people: Everyone who offers a sacrifice, whether an ox or a sheep, must give the shoulder, the cheeks, and the stomach to the priest.” (Deuteronomy 18:3)
275. “The first shearing of your sheep you shall give to [the priest].” (Deuteronomy 18:4)
276. “The first issue of the womb of every being, human or beast, that is offered to God, shall be yours [the priests’], but you shall have the first-born of humans redeemed.” (Numbers 18:15) = pidyon haben
277. “Every firstling ass you shall redeem with a sheep…” (Exodus 23:13)
278. “…and if you do not redeem it, you must break its neck.” (Exodus 23:13)
279. “You shall rest from plowing and harvesting.” (Exodus 34:21) = this doesn’t refer to Shabbat (since we have the commandment to rest on Shabbat elsewhere); it means that every 7th year, the land shall rest
280. “In the seventh year the land shall have a sabbath of complete rest, a sabbath of God: you shall not sow your field…” (Leviticus 25:4)
281. “…and you shall not prune your vineyard.” (Leviticus 25:4) = in the 7th year
282. “You shall not reap the aftergrowth of your harvest.” (Leviticus 25:5) = in the 7th year
283. “You shall not gather the grapes of your untrimmed vines.” (Leviticus 25:5) = in the 7th year
284. “In the seventh year you shall let [the land] lie fallow.” (Exodus 23:11) = all produce becomes public property
285. “You must remit whatever is due you from your kin.” (Deuteronomy 15:3) = all debts are cancelled in the 7th year